A study about “Overtourism” from The World Travel & Tourism Council partnered with McKinsey & Company affirms that when too many tourists overwhelm a destination, shifting the balance from a positive experience to one where tourism becomes unsustainable.
The study published by Forbes in Internet explained that it is a wonderful thing that so many people are traveling the world and exploring its great treasures. “But there is a downside to so much interest, overtourism”.
According to the article in order to protect popular attractions from overcrowding, many local governments and tourism boards are starting to take action.
Challenges associated with overtourism are alienated local residents; degraded tourist experience; overloaded infrastructure; Damage to nature and threats to culture and heritage. The specialists who explored the subject wonder how what is being done to limit its effects.
The experts warn that the world’s population is only increasing with more people traveling internationally for the first time. The United Nations World Tourism Organization forecasts international tourism will increase to 1.4 billion people by 2020.
“With so much demand, there is a need to be more mindful of how and when we travel so that more restrictive rules do not need to be put in place” the study estimates. A number of local governments increasingly higher have been placing restrictions on the number of tourists and implementing rules to ensure there are protections for workers, animals, and popular sights.
Among the most eloquent examples cited by Forbes is Santorini, Greece, a gorgeous place with its sweeping views of pristine white buildings with blue roofs overlooking the sea below. “What you don’t see in the pictures are the donkeys that traverse the 600 steps of the winding, cobblestone pathway known as the Karavolades stairs in the town of Fira”, the publication added.
Newsweek magazine reports recently that the donkeys are now getting protection from 12-hour workdays in the sweltering Mediterranean heat. The municipality has pledged to improve the donkeys working conditions. There is even a charity to help the donkeys.
In the western coast of Italy are five picturesque villages in the mountainside known as the Cinque Terre. Soon, tickets will be sold online and an app is being developed to show tourists which of the villages has the most people.
The Italian government announced limits of 1.5 million visitors per year. They will install devices to cap visitors when they meet their limits each day. In 2015, more than 2.5 million visitors overwhelmed these quaint seaside villages.
In Machu Picchu, Peru the government began limiting how many people can visit this mountaintop historical site. Now tourists can only visit in groups of 16 and for a limited time. The government also implemented rules to ensure people stay on one of the three paths at all times.
The Venice over tourism is overwhelming the legendary city. Large cruise ships can no longer use the city’s terminal. Locals worry that the ships threaten the foundations of Venetian buildings that are centuries old.
Even Mount Everest climbers are supposed to bring down anything they bring with them. But Sherpas still collect hundreds of kilograms of trash each year. With the increased number of climbers, safety concerns forced the government to ban solo climbers and forced foreign climbers to travel with a guide.