In the small Dominica, the last of the Caribbean islands to be colonized by Europeans are located nine of the region’s sixteen active volcanoes.
By contrast there is one each on Guadeloupe, Martinique, St. Lucia, St. Vincent, Montserrat, Saba, St. Eustacius, St. Kitts, and Nevis. There are two in Grenada.
The Dominica’s nine active volcanoes are ; Morne au Diable, Morne Trois Pitons, Morne Diablotins, Morne Watts, Morne Anglais, Wotten Waven Caldera, Valley of Desolation, Grande Soufriere Hills and Morne Plat Pays.
There have been two steam explosions (phreatic activity) in the Valley of Desolation in 1880 and 1997. Frequent seismic swarms and vigorous and widespread geothermal activity today characterize the island.
Nevertheless the volcanoes do not take away one bit of the perfection and beauty of Dominica for tourists’ eager for adventure or simply for rest. The island is perfect for outdoor enthusiasts and eco-tourism.
The volcanoes do not erase the reality that Dominica is an unspoiled island that has a mountainous landscape with dense rainforests as well as rivers, waterfalls, a cloud covered spine, forested ridges and valleys, Sulphur springs and even a boiling lake.
The majority of this special place of the Caribbean is covered in rainforest and cloud forest. For those who love loneliness at least for the short time of a vacation there is no mass tourism, in the island, Beaches are black sand with few white sand beaches – the best are found in the north of the island.
For families, there’s an adventure park for children and an aerial tram that glides through the rainforest canopy, plus a hiking trail that stretches from one end of the island to the other. But some experts said that maybe Dominica should be renamed the ‘adventure island’.
If you like Scuba diving then you’ll find exciting dive sites, including steep drop-offs (1,000 ft), walls and pinnacles all pretty close to the shore (west coast). Around 22 species of whales have been spotted in the Dominica waters.
In Dominica you will also find good food. Those who frequent the island in the tourist high season advise more than one visit to a rainforest restaurant on Trafalgar Falls Road (booking essential) which serves tasty creole dishes and seafood specialties.
Roseau a vegetarian restaurant run by Rastafarians. and there’s a beach eating place at Calibishie which offers views of Guadeloupe, one in Lagon where you can enjoy sunset views over Prince Rupert Bay, and lots of little snack bars dotted around the island. Dominica was the last of the Caribbean islands to be colonized by Europeans due chiefly to the fierce resistance of the native Caribs.
Christopher Columbusnamed the island after the day of the week on which he spotted it – a Sunday (‘Doménica’ in Italian) – on November 3, 1493. In 1805 the French burned much of Roseau to the ground and since then the island remained firmly in the possession of the British, who established sugar plantations on Dominica’s more accessible slopes.
In 1967 Dominica gained autonomy in internal affairs as a West Indies Associated State, and on November 3, 1978 (the 485th anniversary of Columbus’ ‘discovery’), Dominica became an independent republic within the Commonwealth.